Lactation Japan [WORK]
Table 4 shows the results of multiple regression analysis. Comparison of method of breastfeeding, weight gain during pregnancy, pre-pregnancy BMI, age, primiparous, smoking during lactation, alcohol consumption during lactation, and years of education, showed that the greatest factor affecting weight retention at 6 months postpartum was weight gain during pregnancy (β = 0.43; p
The strong feature of this study is the large sample size (64,469 cases). Although Japanese and other Asian women tend to be less obese in general, the large sample size allowed the current study to focus analysis on pregnant women with a high pre-pregnancy BMI. There are several studies on lactation in Japanese women. However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported study on lactation and postpartum weight change in Japanese women. Conversely, there are two limitations to consider in this study. First, the JECS questionnaire does not include questions about diet and exercise after delivery, so this study could not assess the impact of changes in body weight because of energy intake or physical activity. The relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum weight change may be investigated in more detail by adding physical activity and energy intake to the study. Second, this study included participant responses to a questionnaire. There is a concern that self-reporting may lead to a decrease in measurement accuracy compared with direct measurement and data collection by medical staff.
The five-year strategic plan provides a roadmap to identify and foster policy, environmental and system changes to increase breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity (defined as only receiving breast milk) in New Jersey. The plan is the result of a partnership among NJDOH, the Central Jersey Family Health Consortium and the New Jersey Breastfeeding Coalition to focus and coordinate statewide efforts to improve lactation support.
Over half of the year 1 action items have been accomplished and more are underway. The majority of these focus on eliminating systemic barriers in lactation support to reduce racial and ethnic disparities and strengthening maternal and child health social services among communities with higher risk and poor health outcomes associated with public health crises.
Milk Checker is an important in the management of herd. By using Milk Checker regularly throughout the lactation period, one can easily identify the infected cattle and separate them from the rest of herd. In addition, Milk Checker can also be used to determine the efficiency of antibiotic treatment. 041b061a72